The second episode of my new podcast is now online, in which I try to explain forest gardening as I understand it. There’s also a video tour of my garden on The Beanpod Podcast Facebook page. Check it out!
Another one of the things I love doing is podcasting, and I’m happy to introduce my newest endeavor – The Beanpod. For a few years a friend and I were making a podcast called Gozaimasu!, but that fizzled out a few months back. Since then, I’ve been working my way towards this solo effort. I’m describing it as a podcast about ‘living, working, raising kids, and gardening in Japan.’ If you’re a podcast person, please have a listen. You can find it on Facebook under The Beanpod Podcast and (shortly) on iTunes under The Beanpod. You can also stream it HERE. I’ll shamelessly implore you to ‘like,’ ‘follow,’ ‘subscribe,’ and all that other jazz. New episodes will be released every week, so if you have any questions/comments/things you want me to talk about, please get in touch. Enjoy!
There’s been a lot this lately…
After some tantalizingly spring-like weather last week, it’s been nothing but snow and freezing rain. A few years ago I came up with the term ‘fecal equinox’ to describe this, the shittiest time of the year. Spring is close, we get glimpses of it now and then, but then winter swoops back in. There are signs of change, though. It’s light when I get up at 6 in the morning these days, and still not quite dark at 6 in the evening, which is great for moral.
In the garden, flowers are on their way.
Buds abound on most trees and shrubs.
And with all the rain and snow, the pond is perpetually full. I hope that as my canopy matures it will create enough shade to keep the water from disappearing as fast during the summer, although I’m surely losing a lot as it seeps into the ground. I never did get around to lining the pond (either naturally or otherwise), but I’ve got a theory that as more leaves and other detritus settle on the bottom it will create a natural seal that prevents water from leaking into the ground. Wishful thinking?
My chicken coop is just about finished. I used some leftover netting to make a screen door that will allow me to open up the coop when the weather is warm, improving light and ventilation. Excuse the small child.
I used scraps to build a ramp in the run, and also went to the beach and found a suitable piece of driftwood to serve as a roost. Still need to make a cover for that utility box so it doesn’t get covered in chicken poop.
Speaking of chickens, I’ll take delivery of the babies on April 28, which is very exciting. I ended up going back and ordering 1 Silkie chick since I couldn’t get the cute little buggers out of might head. So the total number of chickens will be 5 — 1 silkie, 2 Boris Brown, and 2 Okazaki Ouhan.
Another thing I’ve been experimenting with is the Bokashi bucket. If you aren’t familiar with these, they are a good way to compost your kitchen scraps in a short time. They work by fermentation, which is triggered by microbes that are also beneficial to your soil when you eventually bury this mess in your garden. And you will definitely want to bury it, because it fuxxing stinks!
Each time you add scraps to the bucket, you sprinkle a layer of ‘bokashi mix’ which has been inoculated with the microbes. You can find lots of recipes for making your own bokashi mix online, but it’s also available at home centers here for a couple hundred yen. The stuff I use seems to be made of mashed corn and some other grains, but I haven’t actually read the ingredients.
Once your bucket is full, you let it sit for about 2 weeks. It will develop a layer of white mold on top, and when you crack the top it doesn’t actually smell that bad. My buckets (I’m using 2 at a time — filling one while the other ferments) have a spigot on the bottom that allows you to drain the liquid that accumulates at the bottom. The liquid is terribly, gag reflex-triggering smelly.
After a few weeks, you’re free to dispatch the contents into the garden. I was surprised that the scraps aren’t really decomposed at all, just a bit slimier and smellier. But apparently the microbes are hard at work, an that’s the important thing. I highly suggest burying the contents of your bucket, or at least covering them with a layer of soil or rice husks to knock down the smell. Even if you can tolerate the aroma, if you have neighbors close by the lingering smell will surely offend them. Foul!
Back to gardening… During our warmer weather I did manage to get some baby trees in the ground — a few varieties of acacia around the perimeter, between some fruit trees. Since they are evergreen, they will eventually provide privacy, and their nitrogen fixing will benefit the fruit trees. I also planted a few black currant, gooseberries, and another fig, as well as another acacia to replace the one that tipped over a few months back. It’s a different variety that has less-dense foliage than the previous acacia, so it will allow more sunlight to reach the ground. I’ve got a soft spot for acacia trees.
Once this crap weather system finally gets out of town, I’ve also got linden, bay laurel, loquat, and cinnamon saplings to plant, courtesy of Ken Elwood. By all means check out his blog for all sorts of forest gardening information. I also picked up an olive tree today that I’ll probably put by the pond.
That’ll likely do it for major plantings this spring. Time to find some projects that I can do for free!
I’ve been contending with the elements for the past week or so cobbling together the small run to go along with the chicken coop. It turned out smaller than I had envisioned – a combination of my both my imagination and my measurements being slightly off. But it will give the chickens a little room to safely stretch their legs when they aren’t perusing my garden. The roof will provide shade from the hot sun, which I was concerned about since the coop will sit in the sun all day during in the summer.
The roof has gone a little wonky after our recent snow, but it’ll suffice. I included two doors that open outwards to let the chickens in and out and make access easier for cleaning. I was able to use 2×4 scraps from building the coop to enclose the bottom half of the run, which was easy on the wallet and also consumed a large chunk of the scraps that I had stacked on my porch.
I waffled back and forth about whether or not to enclose the area under the coop. Mostly I was concerned about the cost of getting metal mesh (hardware cloth) since I’ve already spent more than I had planned on this thing. But after seeing how small the run turned out I was leaning more towards biting the bullet and doing it so the chickens would have more space. When I found a reasonably-priced roll of plastic mesh that was more than big enough to accommodate the run and the underside of the coop, I decided to go for it.
The plastic mesh is a roll of the dice in terms of safety – a determined animal may be able to gnaw through it. But my zoo-keeper neighbor who lives closer to the woods than me has been using it successfully on his duck enclosure and recommended it. It’s pretty heavy-duty, so hopefully any animals who find their way to my chickens will find it to be more trouble than it’s worth.
I also considered making some sort of of hinged door that would allow me to open the bottom section up for easier cleaning, but it was more trouble than I was willing to deal with at this point. I might regret it later when I’m hunched over inside the run jabbing a rake under the coop to clean poop…
Another safety feature I skimped on (!) was how to prevent animals from burrowing into the run from outside. All the info I’ve read talks about burying hardware cloth a foot deep around the outside of the coop/run. An alternative I found is this corrugated plastic that is usually used around rice paddies (I think that’s where I’ve seen it most). It comes in 20 meter rolls that are almost a foot wide and only costs about 900 yen. I don’t see any animal being able to claw it’s way through it.
The back of the coop nearly butts up against the retaining wall, offering almost no space for any critters to get in. Just to be safe, I slide some stone pavers that I had lying around under the bottom of the coop and run.
For the record, nailing in this mesh was a total pain in the ass. I was on a tarp under the coop with about 2 feet of space, rolling around trying to get sufficient angles to hit the nails. Finding the right nails was also an adventure as I kept buying ones that were too small and would bend when hit with the hammer. I used u-shaped nails (Google poultry staples) and can say that the 32 mm ones stand up under a proper hammer blow.
The good new is that I have enough left-over netting to make a removable screen for the coop when I figure out a good design. But I’m going to let this thing sit for a while. I’ve spent a lot of mental and physical energy on it over the last few weeks and I’m ready for a break. At least that’s what I say now, tired and with more snow in the forecast over the next week.
There are still a few odds and ends to take care of – closing up a few spots that might be vulnerable to predators, building a ramp for inside the run, tweaking the doors on the run so they open and close more smoothly, among other things.
If you see any glaring issues or have any other suggestions, I’m all ears.
If it wasn’t apparent in my last post, I was seriously chomping at the bit to build my chicken coop. Anticipating a break in the wintery weather over the weekend, I scooped up the materials last week and spent the last few days building the coop of my dreams. Hopefully the chickens will enjoy it as much as my children have so far.
Here’s the finished product.
This thing weighs a ton but I have nightmares about a gust of wind tossing it onto the sidewalk below. Once I get some protective screen attached I’ll nudge it into its final position closer to the wall and secure it with some stakes.
I based this design on a free set of plans by Purina Mills, which are easy to find online, tweaking the size and shape a bit to fit my situation. There a few things I like about this design. First is the external nesting box that will make it easy to gather eggs and also doesn’t eat up the limited floor space of the coop itself. I also like the fact that it’s on legs, giving the chickens a shaded area to hang out in the summer sun and hopefully making it harder for mice and other critters to get into the coop.
Open nesting box.
The front of the coop as two doors that open outwards to allow for easy cleaning and feeding. I need to work on my hinge-hanging technique…the doors don’t close as flush as I like, but they’ll work.
I’m happy that was able to resurrect the Acacia tree that fell down a few weeks back and use the trunk to make a roost inside the coop.
On the other side, where I’ll build a small run, there’s an access door. I had a spare pulley, so I hooked that up as a way to open the door without having to get actually get into the run.
But my shoddy hinge hanging struck again, and this door also doesn’t close as snug as I’d like. This won’t be a problem when it’s warm, but I wanted a way to secure it during exceptionally cold or stormy weather. I used some of my ubiquitous scrap wood to make some simple stoppers that do the trick.
For ventilation, the top couple of centimeters of each wall are left open. The roof overhangs enough to keep the weather out (hopefully). The original plans called for gaps on the front and back, but given the coops south-facing location and lack of shade, I thought more ventilation couldn’t hurt.
I’d also like to make a removable screen that would allow me to leave the front doors open during the summer days to help air out the coop, but I’ll work that out later.
The other exciting news is that I ordered the chickens. I changed my mind at the last minute and ditched the idea of getting Silkies for the time being. In the end, I went with 2 Okazaki Ouhans (hybrid meat/egg layers) and 2 Boris Browns, which are mega layers. I was worried about a drastic falloff in egg production from the Boris Browns after the first year or two, but after a reassuring comment from Jo (thanks Jo!) and talking with the person in charge of chicken sales at the home center, I decided to give them a try. I’ll take delivery of the chicks some time in April and have tasked my boys with naming them.
Back soon with a ‘Chicken Coop Run’ post I hope.